Text messaging explodes as teens embrace it as the centerpiece of their communication strategies with friends. The mobile phone has become the favored communication hub for the majority of American teens. Those phones have become indispensable tools in teen communication patterns. Among all teens, their frequency of use of texting has now overtaken the frequency of every other common form of interaction with their friends see chart below.
The use of mobile phones and other electronic devices while driving has emerged as one of the leading causes of distracted driving related crashes.
However, research shows that using a cellphone when driving is just one of many types of distracted driving that may lead to crashes and near crashes. Scope of the problem During the last five years ending infor which data is available from the National Highway Safety Administration NHTSAthere were about 3, distracted driving crashes a year, accounting for about 10 percent of all fatal crashes.
These crashes killed about 3, people and injuredeach year over the same five years. NHTSA released a study in May which focused on behavioral factors that contributed to 32, highway fatalities and 3.
Over the last five years of reporting, an average of about crashes a year involved the use of cellphones, accounting for 13 percent of all distraction-affected crashes. Cellphone-distracted crashes accounted for only 1 percent of all fatal crashes.
About people a year died in cellphone-distracted fatal crashes. Drowsiness as a distraction caused more than 79, motor vehicle crashes each year on average over the last five years of reporting, resulting in deaths, according to a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NHTSA report.
A AAA Traffic Safety Foundation survey found that one in four drivers have struggled to stay awake while driving. An estimated 17 percent of fatal crashes, 13 percent of crashes resulting in hospitalization and 7 percent of all crashes requiring a tow, involve a drowsy driver, according to the AAA.
Driver fatigue is a significant concern regarding operators of large trucks. In fatigue was a factor in 34 percent of fatal collisions involving drivers of large trucks, according to the U.
State and Federal Initiatives In New York passed the first law banning hand-held cellphone use while driving. About a dozen states and the District of Columbia have laws on the books banning the use of hand-held cellphones while driving, according to the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety.
Almost all of the laws have "primary enforcement" provisions, meaning a motorist may be ticketed for using a hand-held cellphone while driving without any other traffic offense taking place.
In the National Transportation Safety Board NTSB recommended that all states prohibit drivers from using cellphones, the first federal agency to call for a complete ban on telephone conversations from behind the wheel.
Almost every state and the District of Columbia has banned the practice of texting with a cellphone while driving. Most of these laws have primary enforcement provisions. Key Studies The following is a summary of some key research on the issue of distracted driving.
Cell phone use was the cause of distraction for 14 percent of drivers, and people outside the vehicle, objects or events rubbernecking was a distraction for 6 percent of drivers. Distractions from other vehicle occupants accounted for 5 percent of driver distractions and reaching for other devices such as navigation devices and headphones rounded out the top five distractions with 2 percent.
Epidemiological research has found that cell-phone use is associated with a four-fold increase in the odds of getting into an accident - a risk comparable to that of driving with blood alcohol at the legal limit. But cell phones aren't the only cause for concern. In IRMI Update 23, subscribers were asked for their opinions on whether employers should adopt policies for cell phone use during dangerous activities, particularly driving. This article examines the responses, provides a bit of background, and offers possible options for employers to take to confront the problem. If you must use your cell phone while driving, here are a few cell phone safety tips to follow. For additional information about cell phone safety and legislation, check out the following links: Legislative Tracking Database - Follow your state's cell phone legislation and other current issues.
Erie Insurance analysts studied more thanpeople killed in car crashes over the past five years and found that one in 10 were in crashes where at least one of the drivers was distracted.
Analysts consulted with the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety for the study. It was followed by traffic congestion at More than half of drivers Most respondents supported required alcohol-ignition interlocks for drivers convicted of a DWI.
The Travelers Risk Index, Distracted Driving reported that almost 40 percent of drivers are distracted on average for 15 minutes out of every hour driven. Virtually all drivers Respondents to the Travelers Risk Index, Distracted Driving provided some insight as to why motorists use cellphones while driving in spite of being aware of the danger.
Among people who said they respond to family- or friend-related calls, emails or texts while driving, 61 percent said they respond to these because there might be an emergency.
Twenty-three percent said they are afraid of missing out on something. Also of note, although 85 percent of respondents said that driving while using personal technology is extremely risky, 25 percent of those who engage in distracted driving believed they could do so safely.
Only 12 percent of respondents said they use auto reply and do not disturb functions on their phones in order to prevent distracted driving. The study, conducted by researchers at Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, included observations of 3, drivers whose driving was monitored using in-vehicle video and other data collection equipment for a period of several months between October and December News Articles.
We publish a variety of news stories and press releases to keep you informed about Red Cross activities, from the ways we deliver on our mission, to the impact of our work on everyday lives. Overview. Distracted driving is dangerous, claiming 3, lives in alone.
Passenger vehicles driven by people using handheld cell phones during the day in Source. The States determine laws affecting distracted driving, but NHTSA provides Federal investments in the locally driven strategies that address the States’ specific.
Cell Phone Bans for Drivers: Wise Legislation? Robin Olson examines the research studies surrounding the issue of cell phones and driving.
Since the conclusions rarely agree, he feels legislation banning cell phone use should wait until uniform data can be collected to accurately assess the problem. Federal Communications Commission. The September/October issue previews state legislative elections and what voters will face on statewide ballot measures.
Also read about efforts to halt sexual harassment in . A Study On Sickle Cell Anemia - Hemoglobin is what allows blood red cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
In sickle cell anemia, it causes the hemoglobin to become abnormal resulting in the shaping of your blood cells to change.