Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. Group pressure may take different forms, for example bullying, persuasion, teasing, criticism, etc. Conformity is also known as majority influence or group pressure. Jenness was the first psychologist to study conformity.
Yale historian Leonard Woods Larabee has identified eight characteristics of the Loyalists that made them essentially conservative and loyal to the king and Britain: They were alienated when the Patriots resorted to violence, such as burning houses and tarring and feathering.
They wanted to take a middle-of-the road position and were angry when forced by the Patriots to declare their opposition. They had a long-standing sentimental attachment to Britain often with business and family links.
They realized that independence was bound to come someday, but wanted to postpone the moment. They were cautious and afraid that chaos and mob rule would result. Some were pessimists who lacked the confidence in the future displayed by the Patriots.
Others recalled the dreadful experiences of many Jacobite rebels after the failure of the last Jacobite rebellion as recently as who often lost their lands when the Hanoverian government won.
They felt a need for order and believed that Parliament was the legitimate authority. Loyalists fighting in the American Revolution In the opening months of the Revolutionary War, the Patriots laid siege to Bostonwhere most of the British forces were stationed.
Elsewhere there Evolution of conformity in america few British troops and the Patriots seized control of all levels of government, as well as supplies of arms and gunpowder.
Vocal Loyalists recruited people to their side, often with the encouragement and assistance of royal governors.
In the South Carolina back country, Loyalist recruitment oustripped that of Patriots. A brief siege at Ninety Six, South Carolina in the fall of was followed by a rapid rise in Patriot recruiting, and a Snow Campaign involving thousands of partisan militia resulted in the arrest or flight of most of the back country Loyalist leadership.
North Carolina back country Scots and former Regulators joined forces in earlybut they were broken as a force at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge. By July 4,the Patriots had gained control of virtually all territory in the Thirteen Colonies and expelled all royal officials. No one who openly proclaimed their loyalty to the Crown was allowed to remain, so Loyalists fled or kept quiet.
Some of those who remained later gave aid to invading British armies or joined uniformed Loyalist regiments. British forces seized control of other cities, including PhiladelphiaSavannah, Georgia —83and Charleston, South Carolina — But 90 percent of the colonial population lived outside the cities, with the effective result that Congress represented 80 to 90 percent of the population.
The British removed their governors from colonies where the Patriots were in control, but Loyalist civilian government was re-established in coastal Georgia  from todespite presence of Patriot forces in the northern part of Georgia.
Essentially, the British were only able to maintain power in areas where they had a strong military presence. Historians' best estimates put the proportion of adult white male loyalists somewhere between 15 and 20 percent.
Approximately half the colonists of European ancestry tried to avoid involvement in the struggle—some of them deliberate pacifists, others recent immigrants, and many more simple apolitical folk.
The patriots received active support from perhaps 40 to 45 percent of the white populace, and at most no more than a bare majority. Daniel Boone was listed as a member of the jury. Before Calhoon's work, estimates of the Loyalist share of the population were somewhat higher, at about one-third, but these estimates are now rejected as too high by most scholars.
The largest number of loyalists were found in the middle colonies: The Germans in Pennsylvania tried to stay out of the Revolution, just as many Quakers did, and when that failed, clung to the familiar connection rather than embrace the new.
Highland Scots in the Carolinasa fair number of Anglican clergy and their parishioners in Connecticut and New Yorka few Presbyterians in the southern coloniesand a large number of the Iroquois stayed loyal to the king.
Many active Church of England members became Loyalists. Some recent arrivals from Britain, especially those from Scotland, had a high Loyalist proportion.
Loyalists in the southern colonies were suppressed by the local Patriots, who controlled local and state government.
Many people—including former Regulators in North Carolina — refused to join the rebellion, as they had earlier protested against corruption by local authorities who later became Revolutionary leaders. The oppression by the local Whigs during the Regulation led to many of the residents of backcountry North Carolina sitting out the Revolution or siding with the Loyalists.
It is not known how many Loyalist civilians were harassed by the Patriots, but the treatment was a warning to other Loyalists not to take up arms. Many of the slaves in the South joined the Loyalists with intentions of gaining freedom and escaping the South.
Patterns of geographic variation in North America parallel those shown by native polytypic species, in conformity with Gloger's and Bergmann's ecogeographic rules. Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. This change is in response to real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms / expectations) group pressure.
The Origins of Bullying. By Hogan Sherrow on bullying is taking a violent toll on the youth of America.
proper socialization and conformity are critical for maintaining social order and. Many in the s strove for the comfort and conformity depicted on such TV shows as Father Knows Best and Leave It to Beaver.. But despite the emerging affluence of the new American middle class, there was a poverty, racism, and alienation in America that was rarely depicted on TV.
Throughout American history, conformity has been used as a tool of deception to rob Americans of their individuality and freedom. From as early as European colonization in America to now, people have been forced to conform to the beliefs of mainstream society.