How oil spills in water bodies causes catastrophic losses of human and marine life

It can negatively affect both plants and wildlife, while causing human suffering and economic losses. An oil spill needn't be on the scale of the Exxon Valdez or Deepwater Horizon disasters. Environmental Protection Agency EPA estimates that million gallons of used oil are disposed of improperly each year.

How oil spills in water bodies causes catastrophic losses of human and marine life

Chemical Oil Spill Effects on Marine Life and Wildlife In the case of marine oil spills, the first living receptors who come in contact with the oil spill are the marine life, including the various fish species. Apart from affecting the coastal fishing and fisheries, exposure to oil spills may have negative health effects on marine life.

How oil spills in water bodies causes catastrophic losses of human and marine life

The negative effects on marine life relate to the accumulation of persistent and bioaccumulative components of oil in the tissue and bodies of marine life fish with the potential to induce a variety of health and reproductive problems, as well as mass mortality events within marine life in general.

The problem is exacerbated for the higher organisms on the food chain which consume other smaller organisms and may seriously affect birds and marine mammals, as well as bigger fish.

This is due to the gradual and additive accumulation of increased concentrations of oil pollutants through combined exposure to a polluted environment i. The unavailability of food is another issue when mass mortality events occur.

Apart from direct contact and accumulation of oil spill pollutants, oxygen depletion may also occur due to the formation of oil slicks at the surface of the water. This may especially affect species of fish and marine life living in shallower waters. As for the marine life from deeper water, it may also be affected by deep oil spills such as the one due to well leaks at very high depth in the Gulf of Mexico in conjunction with BP offshore drilling activities.

Oil Spill Effects on Wildlife Those who consume contaminated food from the wildlife, may be at even higher risk of poisoning or developing negative effects due to exposure to higher pollutant concentrations than in the surrounding environment. Potential deterioration of thermal insulation and damage to behavior and reproductive system are some specific examples of negative effects due to oil spill pollution exposure; Indirect exposure through consumption of smaller organisms which were exposed to oil spill pollution themselves; Lack of usual food - when mass mortality events occur, affecting large amounts of fish and exposed marine life for example, in the case of a severe marine oil spill.

This may have serious long-term ecological effects, ending up with the complete eradication of some species.Mammals also suffer, as oil can remove water resistant compounds from the coats of furred marine life like otters and seals.

Oil spills affect marine life like filter feeders by concentrating in the flesh of these animals. An oil spill is an accidental release of oil into a body of water, which presenting a hazard to marine life and the environment.

First, these spills are often caused by accidents involving tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, etc.

How did the Oil Spill Occurred?

To prevent oil spills is the top most priority; and the responsibility lies equally on individuals as well as on governments and industries, because the sources of oil waste in . Oil spill can prove fatal for plant, animal and human life.

The substance is so toxic that it can cause massive loss of species that live in the sea.

How oil spills in water bodies causes catastrophic losses of human and marine life

The substance is so toxic that it can cause massive loss of species that live in the sea. Oil Spill Effects on Marine Life and Wildlife. In the case of marine oil spills, the first living receptors who come in contact with the oil spill are the marine life, including the various fish species.

Oil Spills' Effects on Human Life.

Effects of Oil Spills

Oil spills may occur all around us. Since oil products include a lot of common fuels, it is obvious that oil spills may happen at high rates and in many locations, including residential areas.

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dissolved oil contaminants may exist in the water if it was impacted by an oil spill; Fishermen are directly.

Oil Spill Effects on Animal and Sea Life | Environmental Pollution Centers