Thesis gatling gun

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Thesis gatling gun

History[ Thesis gatling gun ] Patent drawing for R. Gatling in and patented on November 4, Nonetheless, the Gatling gun represented a huge leap in firearm technology.

Prior to the Gatling gun, the only weapons available to military forces capable of firing many projectiles in a short space of time were mass-firing volley weaponslike the Belgian and French mitrailleuse of the s and s, and field cannons firing canister shotmuch like an upsized shotgun.

The latter were widely used during and after the Napoleonic Wars. Although the maximum rate of fire was increased by firing multiple projectiles simultaneously, these weapons still needed to be reloaded after each discharge, which for multi-barrel systems like the mitrailleuse was cumbersome and time-consuming.

This negated much of the advantage of their high rate of fire per discharge, making them much less powerful on the battlefield. In comparison, the Gatling gun offered a rapid and continuous rate of fire without having to be manually reloaded by opening the breech.

The original Gatling gun was a field weapon which used multiple rotating barrels turned by a hand crankand firing loose no links or belt metal cartridge ammunition using a gravity feed system from a hopper.

Twelve of the guns were purchased personally by Union commanders and used in the trenches during the siege of Petersburg, Virginia June — April George Armstrong Custer chose not to bring Gatlings with his main force.

Compared with earlier weapons such as the mitrailleuse, which required manual reloading, the Gatling gun was more reliable and easier to operate, and had a lower, but continuous rate of fire.

The large wheels required to move these guns around required a high firing position, which increased the vulnerability of their crews.

Thesis gatling gun

Army during the Spanish—American War. John "Gatling Gun" Parker. Three of the Gatlings with swivel mountings were used with great success against the Spanish defenders. By this time, the U. Marines had been issued the modern tripod-mounted M Colt—Browning machine gun using the 6mm Lee Navy round, which they employed to defeat the Spanish infantry at the battle of Cuzco Wells.

A British Gatling gun at Firepower - The Royal Artillery Museum The Gatling gun operated by a hand-crank mechanism, with six barrels revolving around a central shaft although some models had as many as ten. Each barrel fires once per revolution at about the same position.

The barrels, a carrier, and a lock cylinder were separate and all mounted on a solid plate revolving around a central shaft, mounted on an oblong fixed frame.

Turning the crank rotated the shaft. The carrier was grooved and the lock cylinder was drilled with holes corresponding to the barrels.First came the Gatling gun, invented by Richard Gatling, an American idealist sickened by the thousands of dead and dying on the civil war battlefields, who envisioned a weapon that would allow.

Read here about thesis gatling gun machine guns of WWI The most important goal of the Self-Strengthening Movement was the development of military industries; namely, the . The Gatling gun is an invention of great importance to the science of warfare.


Richard Jordan Gatling turned his attention to firearms and invented the Gatling gun during the Civil War. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Chapter Conflict and Conquest: The Transformation of The West.


Thesis gatling gun

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Richard Gatling - the Gatling Gun - Essay